Ronald J. Morgan
The right has taken the reigns of power in Argentina. Calling for unity and the overcoming of the times of confrontation, Mauricio Macri, 56, was sworn in as president of Argentina on Dec. 10.
Using a non-confrontational tone that he used during the televised debate with Presidential Candidate Daniel Scioli, Macri issued a number of pledges to improve government but did not unveil what is expected to be a major economic reform program of a neoliberal nature. He said it was good to be ending an era without violence and that he felt that he was voted into office for three reasons: To combat poverty, fight drug trafficking and unify Argentines.
During his 27 minute inaugeral address, which sounded a bit like a church sermon, Macri promised to maintain the government’s commitment to social programs, combat drug trafficking, and eliminate government corruption. The new president also vowed to support education of an ample and inclusive nature.
Macri scolded the outgoing Left regime for lying, defrauding the government of resources, authoritarianism and for the creation of a biased justice system.
“Politics is also not a scenario in which some leaders lie to fool the people and the world with false statistics, ” Marci said at one point. Macri also noted: “In our government there will be no Macri judges. There doesn’t exist justice nor democracy without independent justice but we have to accompany the justice in a process that cleans it of political vices. There can not be justices that are militants of any political party.”
He limited his comments on the economy to promoting jobs, expanding the economy and making good use of the country’s resources.
A dispute of over when and where President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner would turn over power lead to a boycott of the inaugeration by Fernandez de Kirchner and many deputies and other members of the Frente Para La Victoria Party. Presidential Candidate Scioli did attend, however.
Macri had wanted to be sworn in at the Casa Rosada while Fernandez de Kirchner wished to hand over power before congress. As it turned out, Macri and Vice President Gabriela Michetti were sworn in before congress without the outgoing president being present.
The dispute resulted in a court ruling requring that Fernandez de Kirchner leave office before the inaugeration and required a stand in president for a few hours. Senator Federico Pinedo, of the opposition PRO party, became president from midnight on Dec. 9 until the swearing in about 11 a.m.
Fernandez de Kirchner said goodbye on, Dec. 9, with a speech before a 700,ooo person street demonstration. She told the crowd that the Frente Para La Victoria could look the Argentine people in the eyes.”I only ask God that within four years those that have the responsibility to conduct the destiny of the country can say to all Argentines that they too can look them in the eyes.”
Fernandez de Kirchner mentioned the social program Universal Assignment per Child, the updating of retirement benefits, the recovery of the YPF oil company, and the nationalization of Aerolineas Argentinas as some of her major achievements, according to a report in La Nacion.
The contrast between the street demonstration with Fernandez de Kirchner on Wednesday with the Macri inaugeral speech shows a country about to change in both tone and political direction. In many ways Argentina will be playing on the opposite team from that of the last 12 years.
Macri announced that a Kirchner era agreement with Iran on how to investigate the 1994 AMIA center terrorist attack will be broken on Monday. The late Alberto Nisman, AMIA investigator, had been in the process of challenging the agreement in court when he died early this year under suspicious circumstances.
In adddition to forcing Fernandez de Kirchner to leave office on Wednesday, Macri also achieved the resignation of Kirchner appointee Alejandro Vanoli as Central Bank president.
Vanoli resigned, Dec. 9, clearing the way for Macri to appoint his own central bank president. Harvard Educated Federico Sturzenegger is expected to take his place.
The move allows Macri to control Central Bank monetary policy. What is expected is a sharp turn to neoliberal policies, but for the meantime, price controls and controls on dollar purchases will remain in place to avoid undue pressure on Argentina’s hard currency reserves.
Argentina’s economy just got a 7-day CNNDec. 18, 2015makeover http://money.cnn.com/2015/12/18/news/economy/argentina-how-to-fix-an-economy/index.html
Fuerte Llamada a la independencia de la Justicia; “No Habrá Jueces Macristas”, Aseguró el Presidente Clarin, Dec. 10, 2015 http://www.clarin.com/politica/Macri_Presidente-Justicia-jueces_macristas_0_1483052009.html
Anuncios y Promesa de Macri en su primer discurso, Dec. 10, 2015 http://www.lanacion.com.ar/1852955-anuncios-y-promesas-de-macri-en-su-primer-discurso-como-presidente
Hoy terminan 12 años de kirchnerismo Clarin, Dec. 10 2015 http://www.el-nacional.com/mundo/Hoy-terminan-anos-kirchnerismo_0_753524861.html#.Vmm22ffQ7pg.twitter
El Gabinete de Macri, Dec. 11, 2015 http://www.pagina12.com.ar/diario/elpais/1-288027-2015-12-11.html
Tipo de cambio, cepo, retenciones, dólar futuro: las primeras definiciones de Alfonso Prat- Gay Dec. 11, 2015 http://www.lanacion.com.ar/1853374-tipo-de-cambio-cepo-retenciones-dolar-futuro-las-primeras-definiciones-de-alfonso-prat-gay
ESPECIAL: comparativo de los discursos de asunción de Macri, Cristina y Néstor Kirchner La Nacion, Dec. 11, 2015 http://www.lanacion.com.ar/1853009-especial-de-la-nacion-comparativo-de-los-discursos-de-asuncion-de-macri-cristina-y-nestor-kirchner